Description and history of Kazimierz Dolny

One hour from Lublin set on the bank of the largest Polish river Vistula, at the foot of the wooded hill is the small, picturesque town of Kazimierz Dolny. For many years Kazimierz Dolny has attracted artists and intellectuals. The town has lots of charm and atmosphere, fine historical architecture, good museums and attractive countryside.

The formal founding of the town is attributed to King Kazimierz Wielki who in the 14th century gave it a municipal character, numerous privileges and built the castle. Kazimierz enjoyed particularly good times between the mid 16th and mid 17th centuries. A large port, a number of splendid burghers mansions and nearly 50 granaries were built in that period.

During the WWII the town was seriously damaged but now many old buildings have since been restored.

The Old Town has an old wooden well in the middle of the main town square, which in turn, is lined with merchants houses in Renaissance and Gothic style and some characteristic arcaded houses with wooden-tiled roofs dating from 18th and 19th centuries. Kazimierz Dolny also has a number of smaller hotels and artsy pensions and restaurants and truly beautiful cafés established by artists who have their holiday houses here. The history of Kazimierz Dolny like that on the Lublin region is linked again with Jewish culture. From the town's beginnings, Jews formed an important and expending part of the community becoming the majority during the 19th century. Perhaps, the most moving reminder of the Jewish legacy is the Jewish monument raised in 1984 in homage to the Jews murdered in Kazimierz Dolny during WWII. It is a large concrete wall covered by several hundreds tombstones and tombstones fragments from the old cemetery, which was just behind the wall. There are still some finely carved tombstones in site, worth looking around.